Indonesia

462
jakarta-bulding
jakarta-bulding

Flag_of_Indonesia.svgIndonesia  Information

The Republic of Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world, it covers about 5000 km². It straddles the equator between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Indonesia has more than 13 000 islands of various sizes which 6,000 are inhabited. The best known are: Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Bali
These islands have always been maritime stops on routes between India and China

General

Official Name: Republic of Indonesia
Government type: democratic, presidential system
Head of State: Mr. Joko WIDODO, President of the Republic
Vice-Chairman: Mr. Jusuf KALLA

Geography

indonesia-map
Carte de l’Indonésie

Area: 1,905,000 km²
Capital: Jakarta (9.8 million inhabitants intramural)
Main cities: Surabaya (3.1 million), Bandung (2.6 million), Medan (2.1 million), Palembang (1.7 M), Makassar (1.3 million), Semarang (1.3 M)
Official language: Indonesian
Currency: Rupiah (Indonesian Rupiah – IDR)
National Day: 17 August (Anniversary of Independence)
Indonesia is an “archipelagic State” in accordance with the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, exercising sovereignty over the waters between the islands of the archipelago. Foreign ships must travel archipelagic lanes “whose outline was endorsed by the IMO to cross this space.

Located in Southeast Asia, Indonesia separates the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and the South China Sea. It is the largest archipelago in the world (1,905,000 km2, three and a half times France). The country crosses three time zones and stretches over 5000 km from east to west and 2,000 km from north to south. 17 000 islands that make up the 6 000 are inhabited. Indonesia comprises the Sunda islands (Sumatra, Java, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba, Flores, the western half of Timor), the southern part of the island of Borneo (Kalimantan), Sulawesi ( Sulawesi), the Moluccas and, since 1963, Papua (western part of the island of Papua New Guinea).

Straddling the line of the equator, Indonesia is a vast area of ​​volcanoes, part of the “Pacific Ring of Fire.” 70-80 of them are still active. The archipelago is regularly affected by eruptions, earthquakes, and -more rarement- by tsunamis (Aceh in December 2004). The highest point of the country is Puncak Jaya (5030 m) in Papua.

The climate is mostly tropical, humid, with an average temperature of 28 ° C. The rainy season lasts from December to March and the humidity is 70 to 90% on the main islands, the climate being much drier in the east of the archipelago (Nusa Tenggara)

Demography

Population: 252 million inhabitants (estimated 2014)
Distribution: 123.5 million Java, Sumatra 46 million, 19 million Kalimantan, Sulawesi 17.3 million, 3.5 million Madura, Bali 3.8 million, 3.5 million Papua, Maluku 2.5 million (urban population: 53%)
Density: 132 people per km² (disparities in the archipelago: 974 inhabitants per km² in Java 8 inhabitants per km² in Papua)
Population growth (BPS): 1.49%
Life expectancy (BM 2014): 71 years
Literacy rate (BPS): 92.37%
Religions: Muslim 87.18%, 6.96% Protestants, 2.91% Catholics, Hindus 1.69%; Buddhist 0.72% Other 0.56%
Human Development Index (PNUD 2014): 0.684 (108th rank)

rizière-indonesie
rizière-indonesie

Economy

GDP (2014): 867 billion USD
GDP per capita (2014): 3499 USD
growth rate (2014): 5%
Unemployment rate (2014): 5.9%
Inflation rate (2014): 6.4%

Trade balance (DG Trésor 2014): – $ 1.9 billion US
Exports (DGT 2014): 172 billion USD; Imports: USD 164.2 billion
Main clients (2014): ASEAN (22.5% including 9.5% for Singapore), Japan (13.1%), China (9.9%), EU (9.6% of which 0.9% for the La France)
Major suppliers (2014): ASEAN (including Singapore 28.4% to 14.1% of total), China (17.2%), Japan (9.6%), EU (7.1%, including 1% for France)

Indonesian exports are mainly oriented towards Asia. In 2014, all ASEAN received 22.5% of total exports of the archipelago (39.8 billion USD). Japan remains its first customer (USD 23.2 billion or 13.1%) and China keeps its second place (17.6 billion USD or 9.9%). The European Union receives 9.6% of Indonesian exports, 16.9 billion USD, of which USD 1.5 billion is exported to France.
Share of main sectors in GDP (BPS 2014):

primary sector: 14.3%
secondary sector: 45.1%
tertiary sector: 40.6%

Exports from France to Indonesia (2014): 1, 66 billion € (+ 3.4%)
French imports from Indonesia (2014): € 1.53 billion (-2.2%)
trade surplus of France (2014): 131.4 million EUR (43.4 million EUR in 2013).

French community in Indonesia (2014): 4162 people
Indonesian community in France (2014): 2 314 people

Strengths / weaknesses
International Trade
– With France
With Europe

visa-indonesie
Visa pour l’Indonésie

Good to know

Currency

The Rupiah (ISO 4217: IDR) is the currency of Indonesia. The Bank of Indonesia issues and controls the Rupiah. Indonesia moved to a floating exchange rate regime in 1978.  During the 1997 Asian crisis, the Rupiah was steeply devalued; it lost 70% of its value in one year. It has since maintained a relative stability, with the exception of a sharp fall in 2013.

The Euro to Rupiah exchange rate converts at 15 200 on May the 30th, 2016

Climate

Safety

Where to go?

How to settle there?

Business

To do business

 

Tax system

( source : Indonesian tax Department http://www.pajak.go.id)

Individual Income Tax

Income tax is progressive based on the world consolidated revenue of the person.

Taxable Income Rate
Up to à 50,000,000 Rps 5 %
From 50,000,000 Rpsto0 250,000,000 Rps 15 %
From 250,000,000 to 500,000,000 Rps 25 %
Above 500,000,000 Rps 30 %

(500,000,000 Rps = 33 000€ (May  2016)

Corporate Income Tax

Indonesia applies a flat rate of 25 % on companies.
Companies with at least 40 % capital  on »Indonesian Stock Exchange » (IDX)  can benefit from a 5 % rebate.
Companies with a revenue below 50 billion Rupiahs ( 3,6 million €) are eligible to a 50 % proportional rebate on the first 4,8 billion Rupiahs.
For companies with an income below 4,8 billion Rupiahs, the renbate is automatically applied.

VAT

The standard rate is 10 %. However, depending on cases, the rate may vary from 5 to 10

Custom duties

Others

Aeronautics

Airlines

Industry

Armed forces

Air Force

Type In service On order
Combat
EMB 314 8 8
F5 E 6
F16 A/C 13 12
Hawk 209 15
Su 27/30 16
Su 35 8
Specialized missions
B 737 (MPA) 3
CN 235 (MPA) 1
Transport
C130H/L100 18
C212 8 5 to be ordered
CN295/CN235 14 1
F 27 3
PC 6 2
Helicopters
AS332 9
BO105 4
H225M 1 5 + 10 to be ordered
SA330 11
Training
F5 F 3
F16 B/D 5 3
G120 18
H120 12
Hawk 109 5
KT1 14
SF 260 18
T 34 15
T 50 16

Army

Type In service On order
Transport
BN 2 1
C212 6
Premier I 1
Turbo Commander 1
Helicopters
AH 64E 8
AS555 6
AS550 4 2
B205 11
B412 41
BO105 20
Mi17 11
Mi 35 5
SA 317 7
Schwizer 26 14
Training
H120 2

Navy

Type In service On order
Specialized missions
C212 (MPA) 6
CN235 (MPA) 3 5
Nomad 22/24 (MPA) 29
Transport
C212 9 1
Nomad 22 1
Helicopters
AS332 1
AS565 11
B412 3
BO105 8
Training
H120 3

(source :https://flightglobal.com/)

 

 

 

Environment

Partager
Article précédentTaiwan
Article suivantSingapore