There are two Malaysia. On one hand, the exotic land, land of adventure and fevered dreams, populated by pirates, wild hunters, English colonists tea drinkers and sultans … On the other, a dynamic and modern country living between highways, skyscrapers, oil industries and megaprojects, good student of Southeast Asia in turmoil. Malaysia is located in Southeast Asia. At about 200 kilometers north of the equator and limited by Brunei, Thailand and Indonesia, Malaysia spreads over 329,758 km².
Official name: Federation of Malaysia
Government type: constitutional monarchy (with a king elected every 5 years)
Head of State: Yang di Pertuan Agong the Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah, Sultan of Kedah (since 13 December 2011)
Head of government: Najib Tun Abdul Razak, Prime Minister (since April 2009)
Area: 330,803 km2
Capital: Kuala Lumpur (administrative capital Putrajaya)
Main cities: Kuala Lumpur (1.6 million inhabitants), Ipoh, Kuching, Johor Bahru, Klang, Kota Kinabalu, Georgetown, Penang
Official Language: Malay
common languages: Malay, English, Chinese (dialects), Tamil
Currency: Malaysian Ringgit (MYR): 4.60 per euro (08/20/2015)
National Day: 31 August (anniversary of independence in 1957)
Malaysia is a state of 330,803 km² consisting of two geographically distinct groups separated by 800 km of sea, almost equal but very uneven demographic and economic importance area: one in West Malaysia (or Peninsular) of other East Malaysia (or island, formed by the two states in the northern part of the island of Borneo, Sabah and Sarawak).
The Malay Peninsula (131 000 km2) is mountainous, although the average altitude is low. The capital, Kuala Lumpur, is located near the western coast. The states of Sarawak and Sabah, consisting mainly of rainforest, include coastal plain 30 to 60 km wide in marshy part and Kapuas Mountains, high chain (from 1 500 to 2 500 m) which rises to 4095 m with Mount Kinabalu.
Both sets that make up Malaysia have in common an equatorial climate, constantly hot and humid. Approximately 85% of the population is concentrated in the peninsular part of the country.
See also the sites of the House of overseas French and Travel
Population: 30 million
Density: 90 h / km²
Population Growth: 1.58% (2012)
Life expectancy at birth 75 years (UNDP 2014)
Literacy rate: 93.1%
Religion (s): Islam (official religion of the Federation): 62%, Buddhism (20%), Hinduism (6.3%), Christianity (9.2%), Taoism.
Human Development Index: 0.769 (64th world rank source UNDP 2013)
GDP: 327 billion USD
GDP per capita: 11 062 USD / capita.
Growth rate: 6%
Unemployment rate: 3% (figure 2014)
Inflation: 1% in January 2015
Budget balance: deficit of 3.5% of GDP; target of 3% in 2015
trade balance surplus of 5.9% of GDP
Country relatively small scale of the area with 30 million people, Malaysia is the third largest economy (GDP of 327 billion USD, 13% of total ASEAN GDP) and the third most developed country after Singapore and Brunei (with a GDP / capita of 11 062 USD). Its economy is broadly diversified (industrial base, agriculture, vibrant financial services-sector), although it is still largely based on the significant hydrocarbon resources.
Malaysia recorded since the financial crisis solid growth, driven by the dynamism of domestic demand which was offset slowing exports. Analysts expect for the coming years dynamic growth of over 5% per year.
The Malaysian economy is strongly marked by its integration in international trade, which had the effect of degrading its external trade balance. If the current account remains in surplus, supported by exports of raw materials including oil, it went from 17% of GDP in 2008 to 5.9% in 2014.
Red monorail train Kuala lumpur
The Prime Minister launched an ambitious reform program, the “New Economic Model”, which was declined in the 10th plan specified in the “economic transformation program” presented in September 2010. Based on the development of growth niches ( national Key economic Areas), it aims to double per capita income by 2020, bringing it to 15 000 USD per head, moving to a knowledge economy based on high technology and services. The 10th five-year, innovative plan in terms of socio-economic development, entered into force on 1 January 2011.
More analysis and statistics on www.tresor.economie.gouv.fr/se/malaisie/
Major customers: Singapore (14.2%), China (12.1%), Japan
(10.8%) EU (9.5%), USA (8.4%)
Main suppliers: China (16.9%), Singapore (12.5%), EU (10.4%), Japan
(8.0%), USA (7.7%)
Share of main sectors in GDP:
mining and energy: 10%
2014 bilateral trade figures
Exports from France to Malaysia: 2.39 billion EUR
French imports from Malaysia: EUR 1.83 bn
Trade surplus: 562 million EUR, Malaysia is our 16th trade surplus in the world
Market share of France in Malaysia: 1.8%
Main income sources
Strengths / weaknesses
– With France
The European Union and Malaysia
Malaysia is the EU’s second trading partner within ASEAN (after Singapore) and the EU was the third trade partner of Malaysia (9.9% of trade) after China and Singapore. European exports to Malaysia amounted to 21.8 billion US $ in 2014 as they reached 32.7 billion euros in 2013 representing a decrease by one third. This level remains well above that of the United States (16.0 billion US $) and Japan (16.7 billion US $). The EU’s market share in Malaysia remained stable (10.4%) mainly due to the high level of exports from Germany remains the European leader with 3.4%.
A 10th round of negotiations took place in June 2015 in order to achieve a partnership and cooperation agreement. The procedure, undertaken since February 2011, is still cours.Parallèlement, negotiations for a Free Trade Agreement were opened in December 2010. After a long break due to the elections (general elections of 5 May 2013) a 9th round of negotiations was held in March 2015.
Barriers to entry
Source : www.diplomatie.gouv.fr
Good to know
The Ringgit (ISO 4217: MYR) is the currency of Malaysia since the end of the monetary union between Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei in 1967. The Bank Negara Malaysia, Malaysia’s central bank, ensures its stability. During the 1997 Asian crisis, the Ringgit lost 50% of its value. As a result, the central bank pegged the Ringgit to the US dollar in 1998. In 2005, Bank Negara announced the end of the peg, and the Ringgit appreciated against the US dollar. In August 2015, instability in the Malaysian government caused the Ringgit to fall sharply.
The Euro to Ringgit exchange rate converts at 4.58 on May the 30th, 2016
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