Myanmar

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ancien-temple-Bagan-Myanmar
Ancien temple Bagan Myanmar

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Myanmar Information

Burma or Myanmar, Burmese ဗမာ (Bamanet မြန်မာ (Myanmar / mjænmɑ /), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar in Burmese Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw, formerly “Union of Burma” and Union of Myanmar” is a country in mainland southeast Asia with a common border with Bangladesh, China, India, Laos and Thailand. it is bordered by the Andaman sea to the south and the Bay of Bengal southwest, with about 2000 kilometers of coastline in total.

General

Official Name: Republic of the Union of Burma (in 1989, the military regime renamed “Myanmar” country The British and the Americans do not recognize the name change and continue in English, like Aung San Suu Kyi, d. calling the country “Burma”).
Type of government: civil government since March 30, 2011, largely made up of former soldiers from the junta that had ruled the country since 1962.
Head of State: Thein Sein, President of the Republic (since March 2011)

Geography

myanmar-mapArea: 678,528 km2
Capital: Nay Pyi Daw
Economic Capital: Rangoon (5.8 million inhabitants)
Main cities: Mandalay (2.5 million inhabitants), Moulmein (500 000) Sittwe (200 000)
Official language: Burmese
Currency: Kyat (MMK)
National Day: January 4 (Independence Day)

Demography

Population: 51 million (Census 2014). Density: 90 inhabitants / km2
Population Growth: 1.07% (2012)
Life expectancy: 65 years (World Bank, 2011)
Literacy rate: 93% (World Bank, 2011)
Religions (OECD): Buddhism (89.4%), Christianity (4.9%), Islam (3.9%), animism (1.2%), Hinduism (0.5%)
Ethnic groups (OECD): Bamar (69%), Shan (8.5%), Karen (6.2%), Arakanese (4.5%), Mon (2.4%), Chin (2.2% ), Kachin (1.4%), Kayah (0.4%), other minorities (0.1%).
Human Development Index: 150th in the world (over 187, UNDP 2013)

Economy

GDP: 62.8 billion USD (2014)
GDP per capita: 1200 USD (DG Treasury, 2014)
growth rate: 7.7% (2014 CIA, 8.3% in 2013), 2013-17 trend: 6.3% (OECD 2013)
Unemployment rate (2014): 4%
Inflation rate: 5.9% (2014)
Budget balance: -2.9% of GDP (2014)
Trade balance: -4.5 billion USD or 8% of GDP (2014/15, IMF and CIA 2014)
Major customers: China (63%), Thailand (15.8%), India (5.7%) (2014)
Main suppliers: China (42.4%), ASEAN (37.5%) – of which Thailand (19%), Singapore (10.9%) -, Japan (5.4%) and EU (3%) (2014 ).

Share of main sectors in GDP (2014):

Agriculture: 37.1%
Industry 21.3% (26% in 2015 in the government of Burma)
Services: 41.6%

French Exports: 95 million euros (DG Treasury, 2014)
French imports: 62 million euros (DG Treasury, 2014)

Website of the General Directorate of Treasury http://www.tresor.economie.gouv.fr/Pays/birmaniemyanmar

French community in Myanmar: 501 people registered in 2014
Burmese community in France: 200 (estimated)

Strengths / weaknesses
International Trade
– With France
With Europe
ambitions
Barriers to entry

Source : www.diplomatie.gouv.fr

History

Good to know

Currency

The Kyat (ISO 4217: MMK) is the currency of Myanmar since 1952.  The Central Bank of Myanmar issues and controls the Kyat. Up until 2012, the government controlled the exchange rate at a rate far from its face value. In 2012, Myanmar changed its monetary policy and allowed for a managed float of the Kyat. Its initial rate was set at 818 Kyat per US dollar, far from its previous 6 kyat per US dollar rate.

The Euro to Kyat exchange rate converts at 1 327 on May the 30th, 2016.

Climate

Safety

Where to go?

How to settle there?

Business

To do business

 

Tax system

Personal

Company

VAT/GST

Custom duties

Others

Aeronautics

Airlines

Industry

Armed forces

Air Force

Type In service On order
Combat
A_5 21
F 6 1
F 7 24
Mig 29 31
Specialized missions
BN 2 (MPA)  5
Transport
ATR 42 1
Beech 1900 3
F 27 2
FH 227 2
PC 6 5
Y8 4
Y 12 2
Helicopters
B205 14
Mi 2 22
Mi 8/17 12
Mi 35 9
SA316/SE3160 13
W3 12
Training
FT 7 8
G 4 4
G120 T 10 10
K8 12 50
PC 7 16
PC 9

(Source :https://flightglobal.com/)

 

 

Environment

temple-Bagan-Myanmar

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