Burma or Myanmar, Burmese ဗမာ (Bamanet မြန်မာ (Myanmar / mjænmɑ /), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar in Burmese Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw, formerly “Union of Burma” and “Union of Myanmar” is a country in mainland southeast Asia with a common border with Bangladesh, China, India, Laos and Thailand. it is bordered by the Andaman sea to the south and the Bay of Bengal southwest, with about 2000 kilometers of coastline in total.
Official Name: Republic of the Union of Burma (in 1989, the military regime renamed “Myanmar” country The British and the Americans do not recognize the name change and continue in English, like Aung San Suu Kyi, d. calling the country “Burma”).
Type of government: civil government since March 30, 2011, largely made up of former soldiers from the junta that had ruled the country since 1962.
Head of State: Thein Sein, President of the Republic (since March 2011)
Area: 678,528 km2
Capital: Nay Pyi Daw
Economic Capital: Rangoon (5.8 million inhabitants)
Main cities: Mandalay (2.5 million inhabitants), Moulmein (500 000) Sittwe (200 000)
Official language: Burmese
Currency: Kyat (MMK)
National Day: January 4 (Independence Day)
Population: 51 million (Census 2014). Density: 90 inhabitants / km2
Population Growth: 1.07% (2012)
Life expectancy: 65 years (World Bank, 2011)
Literacy rate: 93% (World Bank, 2011)
Religions (OECD): Buddhism (89.4%), Christianity (4.9%), Islam (3.9%), animism (1.2%), Hinduism (0.5%)
Ethnic groups (OECD): Bamar (69%), Shan (8.5%), Karen (6.2%), Arakanese (4.5%), Mon (2.4%), Chin (2.2% ), Kachin (1.4%), Kayah (0.4%), other minorities (0.1%).
Human Development Index: 150th in the world (over 187, UNDP 2013)
GDP: 62.8 billion USD (2014)
GDP per capita: 1200 USD (DG Treasury, 2014)
growth rate: 7.7% (2014 CIA, 8.3% in 2013), 2013-17 trend: 6.3% (OECD 2013)
Unemployment rate (2014): 4%
Inflation rate: 5.9% (2014)
Budget balance: -2.9% of GDP (2014)
Trade balance: -4.5 billion USD or 8% of GDP (2014/15, IMF and CIA 2014)
Major customers: China (63%), Thailand (15.8%), India (5.7%) (2014)
Main suppliers: China (42.4%), ASEAN (37.5%) – of which Thailand (19%), Singapore (10.9%) -, Japan (5.4%) and EU (3%) (2014 ).
Share of main sectors in GDP (2014):
Industry 21.3% (26% in 2015 in the government of Burma)
French Exports: 95 million euros (DG Treasury, 2014)
French imports: 62 million euros (DG Treasury, 2014)
Website of the General Directorate of Treasury http://www.tresor.economie.gouv.fr/Pays/birmaniemyanmar
French community in Myanmar: 501 people registered in 2014
Burmese community in France: 200 (estimated)
Strengths / weaknesses
– With France
Barriers to entry
Source : www.diplomatie.gouv.fr
Good to know
The Kyat (ISO 4217: MMK) is the currency of Myanmar since 1952. The Central Bank of Myanmar issues and controls the Kyat. Up until 2012, the government controlled the exchange rate at a rate far from its face value. In 2012, Myanmar changed its monetary policy and allowed for a managed float of the Kyat. Its initial rate was set at 818 Kyat per US dollar, far from its previous 6 kyat per US dollar rate.
The Euro to Kyat exchange rate converts at 1 327 on May the 30th, 2016.
Where to go?
How to settle there?
To do business
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