Philippines

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Makati city-Philippines
Makati city-Philippines

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Information The Philippines

The Republic of the Philippines is a country in Southeast Asia consisting of an archipelago of 107 islands of which eleven 7 of them account for more than 90% of the land.

Motto: “For God, People, Nature, and Country”
“Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa”

General

Official Name: Republic of the Philippines
Type of government: Republic, inspired institutions of the American model of separation of powers


Head of State: Benigno Simeon “Noynoy” Aquino III, President of the Republic

Geography

philippines-mapArea: 300,000 km²
Capital: Manila
Main cities: The agglomeration of “Metro Manila” (11.9 million) includes 17 cities, including Manila (1.7M), Caloocan (1.5M) and Makati, the largest being Quezon City (2, 8M), Davao, Cebu.
Official languages: Filipino (Tagalog), English.
local languages: Cebuano, Tagalog, Ilocano.
Currency: Philippine peso (exchange rate to 7 October 2014: € 1 = 56.51 pesos)
National Day: June 12
The Philippine archipelago lies more than a thousand kilometers east of the coast of Vietnam, Taiwan between north and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south. Of the 7,000 islands that make up the, between Pacific Ocean and South China Sea, Mindanao (south) and Luzon (North) represent 70% of the total area (300,000 km²).

Between the two lies the Visayas group (Samar, Negros, Palawan, Panay, Mindoro, Leyte, Cebu, Bohol and Masbate). Of the many mountain ranges of the archipelago, still several active volcanoes (Pinatubo, Taal, Mayon) dominated Apo (2955 m) on the island of Mindanao.

Located in the tropics, the Philippines is regularly hit by typhoons, which can be extremely devastating. The typhoon Haiyan, which has particularly hit the Visayas November 8, 2013, caused heavy casualties and huge economic damage.

Temperatures in the Philippines range from 25 to 37 ° in the dry season (December to May) and from 22 to 30 ° in the rainy season (June to November). In Manila, the average annual rainfall is 2280 mm.

Demography

Population: 99.4 million inhabitants (1)
Density: 316 inhabitants / km²
Distribution: 46M Luzon, Visayas Mindanao 11.2M 21.6M
Population growth: 1.7%
Life expectancy (2013): 69 (1)
Literacy rate: 95.4% (1)
Religions: Roman Catholic (84%), Muslims (7%), evangelical Protestants (4%), Buddhists (1.5%), many Christian churches: Iglesia ni Cristo, El Shaddai, Aglipayan
2012 Human Development Index: 0.654 (medium human development, 114th in the world)

Economy

GDP (2014): USD 289.7 billion
GDP per capita (2013): 2790 USD
GDP per capita (PPP): 4119 USD (4)
GDP growth rate (2014): 6.2% (6.5% in 2013)
unemployment rate (according to the ILO, January 2014): 6.7% (5)
Inflation rate (average 2014): 4.2%
Budget balance (2013) – 2%
Trade Balance (2013): 6.8 billion USD

Main clients (2013): Japan (21.2%), USA (14.5%), China (12.2%), Hong Kong (9.2%), Singapore (9.4%)

Major suppliers (2013) China (13%), USA (10.8%), Japan (10.4%), Taiwan (7.8%), Korea (7.3%), Singapore (7.1%)
Share of main sectors in GDP:

Agriculture: 12.8% (6)
Industry: 31.5%
Services: 55.7%

Exports from France to the Philippines (2014): € 1.895 billion (EUR 1.459 billion in 2013)

French imports from the Philippines (2014): € 439 million (EUR 429 million in 2013)

1: Human Development Report 2013; 2: World Bank; 3: Treasury Branch; 4: World Bank; 5: National Statistics Office of the Philippines; 6: Asian Development Bank

Main income sources
Strengths / weaknesses
International Trade
– With France
With Europe
ambitions
Barriers to entry

Sources: www.diplomatie.gouv.fr

History

Good to know

Currency

The Peso (ISO 4217: PHP) is the currency of the Philippines. The Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, Philippine’s central bank, issues and controls the Peso. Since 1950, the Peso has a floating exchange rate regime and periodically loses value, especially in times of economic crisis. In recent years, the Peso appreciated against the euro, the rate rose from 63 to 47 Peso per euro between 2010 and 2015.

The Euro to Peso exchange rate converts at 52 on May the 30th, 2016.

Climate

Safety

Where to go?

How to settle there?

Business

To do business

 

Tax system

Personal

Company

VAT/GST

Custom duties

Others

Aeronautics

Airlines

Industry

Armed forces

Air Force

Type In service On order
Combat
FA50 12
OV10 8
Transport
C130B/H 3
C295 2 1
F27 1
NC212 2
Nomad 22 1
Shorts 330 2
Turbo Commander 1
Helicopters
AW109 2 6
B205 8
B212/412 7
MD520 25
S76 9
UH1 D 28
W3 7
Training
S211 3
SF260 19

Army

Type In service On order
Helicopters
B412 5

 

Navy

Type En service En commande
Transport
BN 2 6
Helicopters
AW109 5

(Source: https://flightglobal.com/)

 

Environment

 

Busuanga island-Palawan-Philippines
Busuanga island-Palawan-Philippines
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